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Civil Engineering Civil Engineering Field
- Jul 18, 2017 -

Civil Engineering Civil engineering field

1.1 Computer-aided design of the common drawing software AutoCAD in the field of architectural design has been widely used, but its auxiliary design function is basically limited to the detailed design stage of the drawing, modeling and simple analysis. Most of the domestic design institutes are using AutoCAD and 3dsmax / viz to complete the architectural design. Although this greatly improves the efficiency of the drawing, but in the modification is very painful. And 3dsmax / viz was originally targeted at advertising and animation industry, do not have the accuracy, but also too much emphasis on the effect of real. Therefore, the application of three-dimensional building model software is an inevitable trend. In 3D CAAD technology, the "virtual building" design method is the advanced and mature computer-aided architectural design technology, which liberates the designer from the drawing, and the paper text becomes a by-product of the design process. In the 2D environment, each drawing is a separate "mini-project", starting from the plane to start drawing, and then draw the facade, section, and then follow the progress of the project to change all the drawings. The never-ending modification takes up a lot of valuable time and energy for the architect. The "virtual building" technology has changed this way. In the "virtual building" design, the model rather than the drawings become the core of the design process, all the drawings are directly generated from the model, the drawings become a by-product of the design. Using the virtual building model, architects can generate arbitrary views at any time - plan, elevation, section view, 3D view, material description, area calculation, and so on at any time according to their own needs.

1.2 Other aspects

In the field of civil engineering, information has been developed to the project life cycle, that is, every aspect of the project and every link. Application of scientific computing, visual computing, virtual reality technology, wireless AE test system, 3S (GS, GPS, RS) and other new computer technology [3]. In addition, the information also includes the management of the progress of the project, the operation of the data collection, analysis, finishing; the building structure, strength, reliability analysis and the corresponding decision-making . Through the use of modern information network technology to enhance the transformation of traditional civil engineering to achieve information exchange, interconnection and sharing, optimize the industrial structure, to promote a more rational allocation of resources, and eventually the formation of civil engineering information. 2. Environmental protection 2.1 to protect the existing natural ecological environment The destruction of natural ecological environment and the loss of urban industrialization is always the development of the companion, which is an indisputable fact. With the deepening of the degree of urbanization, it is necessary to "economic benefits", but also "green mountains and rivers" concept in the hearts of more and more people take root, which requires the beginning of the design of the use of new ideas and methods The 2.2 to improve the industrial waste into a green park will be industrial waste into a park, not only to change the land of a barren and desolate, to retain some of the industrial landscape remains, not just art, ecology and other processing techniques, the end The aim is to find a way out for the social and environmental problems of industrial recession through these transformations.